Этноконфессиональные особенности придорожной мемориализации

  • Михаил Матлин Ульяновский государственный педагогический университет имени И.Н. Ульянова, Ульяновск, Россия


The article considers the ethno-confessional aspect of the modern tradition of marking the places of death in road accidents. The research material is monuments on part of the federal highways A 151 (Republic of Chuvashia), P 142 (Republic of Tatarstan), P 178 (Republic of Mordovia). It was revealed that not all of them have confessional characteristics: A 151 — 66 %, P 241 — 61.6 %, P 178 — 26.8 %. The Orthodox cross embodies the most clearly confessional, which is very rare on these routes: P 241 — 1.2 %, A 151 — 11 %, P 178 — 9.3 %. The most common way to denote confessionality is to place a cross (Orthodox denomination), a crescent with or without a star (Muslim denomination) or other confessional signs on monuments. It is established that the Orthodox cross, another monument with Orthodox symbols in Tatarstan (highway P 241) can be defined as an ethno-confessional for Russians and Chuvash living in the republic. Such is the significance of a monument-fence with or without Muslim symbols against the background of traditional cemetery monuments — steles and obelisks. Accordingly, the monument-fence with Muslim symbols on the territory of Chuvashia (highway A 151), which is dominated by the Orthodox population, is also an ethno-confessional sign. But the vase — the main memorial sign on the territory of Mordovia (highway P 178) is an exclusively cultural symbol of death, which is not correlated with either the cemetery, or with the confessional tradition, or with the ethnic composition of the territory. The dynamics of the designation of a confessional sign on the routes P 241, A 151 indicates that until the early 2000s, the indication and absence of an indication of a denomination were approximately the same, but by the 2010s, the indication of confessionality increases sharply, and its absence either remains at a low level or falls. Otherwise, the process proceeds on the R 178 highway — there are no fundamental changes there.


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Как цитировать
Матлин, М. (2022). Этноконфессиональные особенности придорожной мемориализации. ЖУРНАЛ СОЦИОЛОГИИ И СОЦИАЛЬНОЙ АНТРОПОЛОГИИ, 25(3), 239-258. извлечено от http://jourssa.ru/jourssa/article/view/2404