Временная трудовая миграция в России: актуальные вопросы и социологические исследования
In the article author examines topical issues about temporary labor migrants in Russia. The purpose of the article is to compare the main problems associated with the temporary labor migration and the data of sociological research. The author identifies such main types of temporary labor migration as long-distance commuting, wander work («otkhodnichestvo») and seasonal work. The author uses publications in the media, own qualitative research data, Rosstat survey «Comprehensive monitoring of the living conditions of the population 2016» (2017), sociological surveys «Demographic well-being of Russian regions» (2020), «Strategy of the socio-economic development of the Republic of Bashkortostan until 2030» (2015), and «Development of human potential in the context of precarization of the social and labor sphere» (2020) as the information and empirical base of the article. The relevance of temporary (return) labor migration among other migration problems in our country is shown on the media materials and scientific papers. Key issues about temporary labor migrants, such as the impact of temporary return work on birthrate and family life satisfaction, are analyzed on the basis of statistical data. The health of the temporary labor migrants is considered mainly through the lens of the long-distance commuters in the North and the subjective assessments of their health condition by themselves. The thesis of the «invisibility» of temporary labor migrants by the state is argued by the widespread of the informal work, as well as by the fact that a labor migrant usually has the status of a worker not in the region of permanent residence, but in another region of Russia or in another country. The thesis of high probability of the change of permanent place of residence by temporary labor migrants is disproved by both qualitative data and quantitative regional sociological research data.
Alekseyenko V. D., Simonova N. N., Zuyeva T. N. (2009) Vliyaniye proizvodstvennykh faktorov na sostoyaniye zdorov'ya rabotnikov neftedobychi pri vakhtovoy organizatsii truda v zapolyar'ye [Influence of Industrial Factors on Health Status of Oil Production Workers during Rotations in Polar Region]. Ekologiya cheloveka [Human Ecology], 6: 47–50 (in Russian).
Averkiyeva K. V., Antonov Ye. V., Kirillov P. L., Makhrova A. G., Medvedev A. A., Neretin A. S., Nefedova T. G., Treyvish A. I. (2016) Mezhdu domom… i domom. Vozvratnaya prostranstvennaya mobil'nost' naseleniya Rossii [Between Home and… Home. The Return Spatial Mobility of Population in Russia]. Moscow: Novyy khronograf (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.15356/BHAH2016.
Batyreva M. V., Selezneva T. A. (2017) Ob opyte izucheniya vnutrenney vozvratnoy trudovoy migratsii na regional'nom i gorodskom urovne [On the Experience of Studying Internal Recurrent Labor Migration at the Regional and City Levels]. Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskiye i pravovyye issledovaniya [Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research], 3(3): 45–57 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.21684/2411-7897-2017-3-3-45-57.
Dyagileva V. B., Bolotnova T. V. (2013) Metabolicheskiy sindrom u rabochikh vakhtovogo metoda truda v usloviyakh severnogo goroda Khanty-Mansiyskogo okruga — Yugry [The Metabolic Syndrome of Workers on Shift Basis in Conditions of Northern City in The District of Khanty-Mansiysk]. Meditsinskaya nauka i obrazovaniye Urala [Medical Science and Education of Ural], 2(14): 29–31 (in Russian).
Fateyeva N. M., Aref'yeva A. V., Glukhikh T. A. (2014) Problemy sokhraneniya zdorov'ya cheloveka v ekstremal'nykh usloviyakh kraynego severa pri ekspeditsionno-vakhtovoy organizatsii truda [The Problems of Person’s Health Preservation in Extreme Conditions of The Far North at the Expedition and Watch Organization of Labour]. Vestnik Ural'skoy meditsinskoy akademicheskoy nauki [Journal of Ural Medical Academic Science], 49(3): 193–195 (in Russian).
Florinskaya Yu. F., Mkrtchyan N. V., Maleva T. M., Kirillova M. K. (2015) Migratsiya i rynok truda [Migration and the labor market]. Moscow: Delo Publishing House RANEPA (in Russian). http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2657092.
Jones С., Southcott C. (2015) Mobile miners: work, home, and hazards in Yukon's mining industry. The Northern Review, 41: 111–137. https://doi.org/10.22584/nr41.2015.005.
Kislitsyna O. A. (2013) Modelirovaniye razlichiy v sostoyanii zdorov'ya migrantov i rossiyan [Modeling the Health Differences between Migrants and Russians]. Narodonaseleniye [Population], 61(3): 68–81 (in Russian).
Korneyeva Y. A., Dubinina N. I., Simonova N. N., Degteva G. N., Fedotov D. M. (2013) Riski v professional'noy deyatel'nosti vakhtovykh rabotnikov v usloviyakh kraynego severa [Risks of Shift Workers in Professional Activity in Far North]. Byulleten' Vostochno-Sibirskogo nauchnogo tsentra Sibirskogo otdeleniya Rossiyskoy akademii meditsinskikh nauk [Acta Biomedica Scientifica (East Siberian Biomedical Journal)], 91(3–2): 83–88 (in Russian).
Mkrtchyan H. V., Florinskaya Yu. F. (2019) Zhiteli malykh i srednikh gorodov Rossii: trudovaya migratsiya kak al'ternativa bezvozvratnomu ot"yezdu [Residents of small and medium-sized cities of Russia: labor migration as an alternative to irrevocable departure]. Zhurnal Novoy ekonomicheskoy assotsiatsii [Journal of the New Economic Association], 3 (43): 78–94 (in Russian).
Naseleniye Rossii 2012 (2014) [Population of Russia 2012] [Tekst]: dvadtsatyy yezhegodnyy demograficheskiy doklad: twentieth annual demographic report]. Editor-in-chief A. G. Vishnevsky. Moscow: HSE Publishing House (in Russian).
Newland K. (2009) Circular Migration and Human Development. Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2009-42, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): 1–26.
Newland, K., Agunias, D. R., Terrazas, A. (2008) Learning by Doing: Experiences of Circular Migration. Insight: Program on Migrants, Migration, and Development: 1–27.
Plyusnin Y. M., Zausayeva YA. D., Zhidkevich N. N., Pozanenko A. A. (2013) Otkhodniki [Otkhodniks (Wandering workers)]. Moscow: Novyy Khronograf (in Russian).
Ryazantsev S. V. (2014) Novyye formy vremennoy emigratsii iz Rossii [New Forms of Temporary Emigration from Russia]. Nauka. Innovatsii. Tekhnologii [Science. Innovation. Technology], 2: 81–93 (in Russian).
Turakayev M. S. (2016) Gabitus i povsednevnyye praktiki vakhtovykh rabotnikov Bashkortostana [Habitus and Everyday Practices of the Long-Distance Commuters of Bashkortostan]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial'noy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 3: 189–202 (in Russian).
Turakayev M. S. (2016) Vakhtovyy trud i vosproizvodstvo sotsial'no-kul'turnykh praktik v rossiyskom regione: na primere Respubliki Bashkortostan [Seasonal Migrant Labor and Reproduction of the Social and Cultural Practices in the Russian Region: The Case of The Republic of Bashkortostan]. Vestnik SPbGU. Seriya 12. Psikhologiya. Sotsiologiya. Pedagogika [Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Sociology], 1: 35–47 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu12.2016.10435.
Vadean F. P., Piracha M. (2009) Circular Migration or Permanent Return: What Determines Different Forms of Migration? Studies in Economics 0912, School of Economics, University of Kent: 1–27.