Практики формирования доверия через совместный досуг (на примере московского ночного клуба «Mutabor»)
Contemporary Russia has a low level of trust. Collective leisure can shape trusting behavior. There is a variety of leisure activities, including nightlife — places that work after midnight. Although such places are often associated with deviant behavior, in many European cities nighttime leisure begins to institutionalize. At the same time, nightclubs in the capital of Russia continue to close. Following the wave of attention to nightlife, the paper explores displays of trust in the Moscow nightclub “Mutabor”. The variety of trust generates a discussion about what kind of trust appears during joint leisure. The study works with three types: interpersonal, in-group, and generalized trust, seeking to find which type can appear during joint leisure in a nightclub. Trust seems to be difficult for empirical study. The work uses the method of indirect trust detection, which is proposed to solve problems of trust exploration. On the materials of 14 semi-formalized interviews with visitors of the “Mutabor” club, the practices of trust formation during joint leisure are described. Practices that arise during collective leisure are capable of simultaneously forming multiple types of trust. Practices of direct interaction can shape interpersonal trust between club visitors. Other practices creating a sense of community between visitors are able to form an in-group trust. They solve the problem of collective action within the boundaries of the night club. However, the revealed trust towards strangers is applied only to the audience of the night club and do not go beyond, spreading to the outside world. A generalized trust as trust to all people in general does not appear due to practices of trust forming during joint leisure in a nightclub.
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