Инвестиции времени в заботу о здоровье: оценка на основе выборочного социологического исследования
One of the indicators of the health’s value of for the population is data on the time and resources spent on maintaining good physical shape. Despite the long-standing interest of researchers in this topic, the question of which groups of the population most actively invest time in taking care of their health has not been raised before. The purpose of this work is to analyze the features of time investment in health care that are characteristic of the Russian population in the context of certain socio-demographic categories. The information base was microdata of a sample observation of the time budgets of the Russian population for 2019. It is established that temporarily or long-term disabled people spend the greatest amount of time taking care of their health, and young students — the least. The time spent on health care varies significantly in groups of respondents with different income levels and working week duration. It is shown that working respondents increase the duration of individual health care practices on weekends, but their medical activity remains almost unchanged. In the final part of the article, recommendations are formulated aimed at improving the methods of conducting preventive and educational work on health-saving problems with the population of different socio-demographic groups. In the future, it is planned to assess the impact of social, economic and demographic factors on the investment of time in health by working individuals.
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