Article Information

SOCIAL STRUCTURE FOR RESEARCH AREA OF URBAN ETHNOLOGY/ANTHROPOLOGY IN RUSSIAN ETHNOLOGY

Boris Wiener (corresponding author. E-mail: wienerras@yandex.ru), Konstantin Divisenko

The Sociological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Citation: Wiener B., Divisenko K. (2018) Sotsial'naya struktura issledovatel'skoy oblasti etnografiya/antropologiya goroda v rossiyskoy etnologii [Social structure of the research area of urban ethnology/anthropology in Russian ethnology]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 21(2): 7—44 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2018.21.2.1

Full Text (PDF)

Abstract. The purpose of the paper is to detect groupings (or clusters) of scholars within Russian urban anthropology from 1950-s to the present time using tools of sociology of science, namely Richard Whitley's idea about social structure of scholastic disciplines and research areas and Nicolas Mullins' method which helps to elucidate social links of different types among researchers. The sample includes articles on urban anthropology and urban folklore from the leading Russian ethnological/anthropological journals and additionally monographs and collection of papers on the topic. The authors of the paper modified Mullins's method and investigated three types of links among urban ethnologists: (1) relationships “research advisor — student”; (2) relations of co-authorships; (3) job in the same department or small institution; (4) participation as authors of papers in the same collection of papers. Altogether the authors of the paper detected 17–19 groupings of urban anthropologists and described some specific features of these groupings. A part of the groupings is 'single-action': a participation in a collection of papers is just a short time cooperation among researchers in such cases. When links among coauthors of collection papers are removed from consideration the research area of urban anthropology disintegrates into six groupings. In addition these groupings in such a case are smaller than they were before the deletion. It is important also to mention that a drastic invasion of folklorists to the sphere of interests of urban anthropology happens; moreover they do not rely on ethnological/anthropological research traditions in this area.

Keywords: sociology of social sciences, urban anthropology, sociology of anthropology, Russian ethnology.

References

Alisov D.A, Tomilov N.A. (eds.) (2008) Problemy kul'tury gorodov Rossii: teoriya, metodologiya, istoriografiya. Materialy VII Vserossijskogo nauchnogo simpoziuma (Omsk, 23–24 oktyabrya 2008 g.) [Problems of culture for cities of Russia: theory, methodology, historiography. Materials of the 7th All-Russian academic symposium (Omsk, January 23–24, 200)]. Omsk: Izdatel'stvo Omskogo GPU.

Alymov S.S., Maslov D.V. (2013) Ob istoriograficheskoj baze issledovaniya [On historiographical basis of the study]. In: Tishkov V.A. (red.) My zdes' zhivem: social'naya antropologiya malogo rossijskogo goroda [We live here: social anthropology of Russian town]. Moskow: RGGU: 16–23.

Anohina L.A., Shmeleva M.N. (1964) Nekotorye problemy ehtnograficheskogo izucheniya sovremennogo russkogo goroda [Some problems of ethnographic study for contemporary Russian town]. Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography], 5: 8–16.

Antropova N.A. (2014) Malye goroda Rossii glazami social'nogo antropologa [Towns of Russia by eyes of a social anthropologist]. In: Kabickij M.Yu., Artyomova O. YU. (red.) Malye goroda, bol'shie problemy: social'naya antropologiya malogo goroda [Towns and big problems: social anthropology of towns]. Moscow: IEHA RAN: 7–28.

Argudyaeva Yu.V. (1967) Semejnyj byt promyshlennyh rabochih Kabanskogo rajona Buryatskoj ASSR v ego svyazyah s bytom okrestnogo sel'skogo naseleniya: avtoref. dis. … kand. ist. nauk [Family everyday routine for laborers of Kabanski district of Buriatskaia Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and its links to everyday life of the neighborhood rural population: synopsis of dissertation for Candidate of historical sciences' degree]. Vladivostok.

Becker H.S. (1992). The Chicago school, so-called. Qualitative Sociology, 22(1): 3–12.

Belaya E.G. (2009) Sem'ya i semejnyj byt sovremennogo Harbina: Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata istoricheskih nauk [Family and family everyday live of contemporary Harbin: synopsis of dissertation for Candidate of historical sciences' degree]. Vladivostok.

Botyakov Y.M. (ed.) (2013) Kavkazskij gorod: potencial ehtnokul'turnyh svyazej v urbanisticheskoj srede [Caucasian city: a potential for ethnic-cultural links in urbanistiс surroundings]. St. Petersburg: MAE RAN.

Brednikova O.E., Pachenkov O.V. (2002) Etnichnost' "etnicheskoj ekonomiki" i social'nye seti migrantov [Ethnicity of 'ethnic economics' and social networks of migrants]. Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya [Economic sociology], 2: 74–81.

Cheboksarov N.N. (1950) Etnograficheskoe izuchenie kul'tury i byta moskovskih rabochih [Ethnographic investigation of culture and everyday life of Moscow laborers]. Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography], 3: 107–122.

Filippov V.R., Filippova, E.I. (eds.) (2008) Etnicheskie processy v stolichnom megapolise [Ethnic processes in the capital megametropolis]. Moskva: Institut Afriki RAN.

Dymshits V.A., Lvov A.L., Sokolova A.V. (compilers) (2008) Shtetl, XXI vek: polevye issledovaniya [Shtetl, the 21th century: field studies]. St. Petersburg: Izd-vo Evropejskogo universiteta. (Studia Ethnologica. Issue 5).

Galimova L.N., Tajmasov L.A. (2014) Istochnikovaya baza istorii kupecheskogo sosloviya goroda Simbirska v poreformennyj period [Source base of history for merchant estate of city of Simbirsk in the post-reform period]. Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Povolzhskij region. Gumanitarnye nauki [Transactions of higher educational establishments. Volga Region. Humanities], 3: 28–35

Gilmore S. (1988) Schools of Activity and Innovation. The Sociological Quarterly, 29(2): 203–219.

Ivanov V.P. (ed.) (1988) Voprosy istorii i ehtnografii goroda [Questions of history and ethnograpny of city]. Cheboksary: Chuvashskij NIIYALIEH.

Idiatullov A.K. (2016) Vzaimodejstvie islamskih techenij v Karachaevskom gorodskom okruge v konce XX — nachale XXI v. [Interaction among muslim movements in the Karachaevskii municipal district in the end of the 20th — beginning of the 21th century] Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies], 2: 129–135.

Il'ina A.A. (2013) Vozmozhnosti sohraneniya tradicionnoj tatarskoj kul'tury v oblastnyh centrah Zapadnoj Sibiri [Opportunities for preservation of the traditional Tatar culture in provincial centers of Western Siberia]. Tradicionnaya kultura [Traditional culture], 2: 144–153

Informaciya o Kaplunovskom [Information about Kaplunovskii]. Ab Imperio [https://abimperio.net/cgi-bin/aishow.pl?state=ak_cv_rus&idlang=1] (accessed: 02.05.2017).

Issledovaniya goroda (2010) [Studies of City and Town] Antropologicheskiy forum [Anthropological forum], 12: 9–213.

Istoriko-bytovye ehkspedicii 1949–1950: materialy k voprosu rassloeniya krest'yanstva i formirovaniya proletariata v Rossii konca XIX — nachala XX veka. (Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Istoricheskogo muzeya. Vyp. XXIII) (1953) [Historic-everyday life expedition of 1949–1950: Materials on fractionation of peasantry and formation of proletariat in Russia in the end of the 19th — beginning of the 20th century (Transactions of the State Historical Museum. Issue 23)]. Moskva: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo kul'turno-prosvetitel'noj literatury.

Ivleva I., Patchenkov O. (2003) Street Traders in St. Petersburg. In: Arnsberg K-O., Boren Th. (eds.) Everyday Economy in Russia, Poland and Latvia. Soedertoern Academic Studies 16. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International: 129–145.

Kostrikina O.A., SHustrova I.Yu. (2007) Zanyatiya meshchan uezdnyh gorodov Yaroslavskoj gubernii v konce XVIII — pervoj polovine XIX v. [Businesses of commoners of district centers in the Yaroslavl' province in the end of the 18th — the first half of the 19th century] Informacionnyj byulleten' associacii Istoriya i komp'yuter [Informational bulletin of association History and computer], 35: 12–14.

Krupyanskaya V.YU. (1953) Opyt ehtnograficheskogo izucheniya ural'skih rabochih vtoroj poloviny XIX veka [An experience of ethnographic study of Uralian laborers in the second half of the 19th century]. Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography], 1: 64–87.

Krupyanskaya V.Y. (ed.) (1968) Etnograficheskoe izuchenie byta rabochih: Po materialam otdel'nyh promyshlennyh rajonov SSSR [Ethnographic studies of laborers' everyday life: founded on materials for some of industrial regions of the USSR]. M.: Nauka.

Krupyanskaya V.Yu., Rabinovich M.G. (1964) Etnografiya goroda i promyshlennogo poselka [Ethnography of city and industrial township]. Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography], 4: 118–125.

Lipinskaya V.A. (2003) In memoriam. Sof'ya Borisovna Rozhdestvenskaya [In memoriam. Sof'ya Borisovna Rozhdestvenskaya]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie [Ethnographic review], 3: 173–174.

Lyudmila Alekseevna Anohina [Lyudmila Alekseevna Anohina] (1972) Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography]. 2: 180–181.

Mazalova (ed.). (2017) Antropologiya Peterburga: sbornik statej k 85-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya N.V. Yukhnyovoy. Ch. 1 [Anthropology of St. Petersburg: collection of papers on the 85th birthday of N.V. Yukhnyova]. St. Petersburg: MAE RAN, 2017. Vol. 1.

Merton R.K. (1970) Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth Century England. New York: Harper & Row Publ.

Mullins N. (1973). Theories and Theory Groups in contemporary American Sociology. New York: Harper & Row Publ.

Neklyudov S.Yu. (2005) Fol'klornye tradicii sovremennogo goroda [Folklore traditions of contemporary city]. In: Nenov N. (senior ed.) Etnologiya Urbana. Sofiya: Impresarsko-izdatelska k"shcha «ROD», 2005: 210–233. Fol'klor i fol'kloristika v SPbGU [http://folk.spbu.ru/Reader/nekludov1.php?rubr=Reader-articles] (accessed: 7.02.2017).

Nonini D.M. (2014). Companion to Urban Anthropology. Chichester, West Sussex; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014.

Pavlova O.S. (2013) Ingushi-zhiteli Moskvy: cherty social'no-psihologicheskogo portreta [Ingushes-dwellers of Moscow: features of social-psychological portrait]. In: Botyakov Y.M. (ed.) Kavkazskij gorod: potencial ehtnokul'turnyh svyazej v urbanisticheskoj srede [Caucasian city: potential of ethnic-cutlural links in the urbanistic environment]. St. Petersburg: MAE RAN: 393–430.

Polishchuk N.S. (2005) Z istoriї viddilu etnologiї Institutu etnologiї ta antropologiї RAN [About histor for ethnology department of the Institute of ethnology and anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. Narodna tvorchist' ta etnografiya [Folk art and ethnography], 4: 23–30.

Rabinovich M.G. (1978) Ocherki ehtnografii russkogo feodal'nogo goroda: Gorozhane, ih obshchestvennyj i domashnij byt [Outlines of Russian feudal city's ethnography: city dwellers and thier public and everyday life]. Moscow: Nauka.

Prato G.B., Pardo I. (2013). Urban Anthropology. Urbanities, 3(2): 80–110.

Rabinovich M.G. (1980) Gorod i tradicionnaya narodnaya kul'tura [City and traditional folk culture]. Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography], 4: 12–23.

Rabinovich M.G. (1983) K opredeleniyu ponyatiya “gorod” (v celyah ehtnograficheskogo izucheniya) [On definition of a notion 'city': (for purposes of ethnographic investigation)]. Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography], 3: 19–24.

Rabinovich M.G. (1988) Ocherki material'noj kul'tury russkogo feodal'nogo goroda [Outlines of material culture of Russian feudal city]. Moscow: Nauka.

Rabinovich M.G., Shmeleva M.N. (1981) K ehtnograficheskomu izucheniyu goroda [On ethnographic investigation of city]. Sovetskaya ehtnografiya [Soviet ethnography], 3: 23–34.

Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj gumanitarnyj universitet [Russian State University for the Humanities]. Informaciya ob uchebno-nauchnom centre social'noj antropologii RGGU [Information on educational-research center of social anthropology of RSUH]. Sajt uchebno-nauchnogo centra social'noj antropologii [Website of educational-research center of social anthropology of the Russian State University for the Humanities] [https://www.rsuh.ru/education/section_228/section_289/] (accessed: 20.04.2018).

Rychkov S.Yu., Rychkova N.V., Stolyarova G.R. Antropologiya Kazani (2013). In: Shabaev Y.P., Zherebcova I.L. (eds.) Antropologiya goroda. Vyp. 1: Kul'turnye simvoly i obrazy v gorodskom prostranstve. Etnichnost' i gorodskaya identichnost' [Anthropology of the City. Issue 1: Cultural symbols and images in an urban space. Ethnicity and urban identity]. Syktyvkar: Institut YALI Komi NTs UrO RAN: 66–79.

Shabaev Yu.P., Zherebcov I.L. (ed.) (2013) Antropologiya goroda. Vyp. 1: Kul'turnye simvoly i obrazy v gorodskom prostranstve. Etnichnost' i gorodskaya identichnost' [Anthropology of the City. Issue 1: Cultural symbols and images in an urban space. Ethnicity and urban identity]. Syktyvkar: Institut YALI Komi NTs UrO RAN.

Shchepanskaya T.B. (1993) Simvolika molodezhnoj subkul'tury: Opyt ehtnograficheskogo issledovaniya Sistemy, 1986–1989 gg. [Symbolism of youth subculture: An experience of ethnographic investigation of the System, 1986–1989]. St. Petersburg: Nauka.

Shchepanskaya T.B. (2004) Sistema: teksty i tradicii subkul'tury [The System: texts and traditions of subculture]. Moskva: OGI.

Shustrova I.Y. (2010) K izucheniyu professional'nogo sostava naseleniya Yaroslavlya v konce XIX v. [About investigation of professional compositon for population of Yaroslavl' in the end of th 19th century]. Informacionnyj byulleten' associacii Istoriya i komp'yuter [Informational bulletin of association History and computer], 36: 210–211

Skrynnikova T.D. (ed.) (2009) Gorod i selo v postsovetskoj Buryatii [City and village in post-Soviety Buryatiya]. Ulan-Udeh: Izdatel'stvo Buryatskogo nauchnogo centra SO RAN.

Sokolovskij S.V. (2014). Gorodskaya povsednevnost', subkul'tury i rossijskaya gorodskaya ehtnografiya [Urban everyday life, subcultures and Russian urban ethnography]. Etnometodologiya: problemy, podhody, сonceptions. Vyp. 18. [Ethnomethodology: problems, approaches. Issue 18]. M.: Nasledie MMK: 122–143.

Voronkov V., Pachenkov V., Chikadze E. (eds.) (2001) Nevidimye grani social'noj real'nosti. K 60-letiyu Eduarda Fomina: Sbornik statej po materialam polevyh issledovanij (Trudy. Vyp. 9) [Covert facet of social reality. (Proceedings. Issue 9)]. St. Petersburg: Centr nezavisimyh sociologicheskih issledovanij.

Whitley R. (1974) Cognitive and social institutionalization of scientific specialties and research areas. In: R. Whitley (ed.) Social processes of scientific development. London: Routledge: 69–95.

Zhirnova G.V. (1980) Brak i svad'ba russkih gorozhan v proshlom i nastoyashchem: po materialam gorodov srednej polosy Rossii [Marriage and wedding among Russian urban dwellers in the past and present: according to field materials of cities and towns located in the Middle part of the Central Russia]. Moscow: Nauka.

Zorin Aleksandr Nikolaevich. Website Nauchnaya ehlektronnaya biblioteka [https://elibrary.ru/author_profile.asp?id=71823] (accessed: 03.04.2018).