Article Information

REGIONAL PARTICULARITIES OF THE REFORM OF INSTITUTIONALIZED CARE FOR CHILDREN IN RUSSIA

Anna Tarasenko (E-mail: anna.tarasenko@helsinki.fi)

Aleksanteri Institute, University of Helsinki, Finland

Citation: Tarasenko A. (2018) Regional'nyye osobennosti reformy sirotskikh uchrezhdeniy v Rossii [Regional particularities of the reform of institutionalized care for children in Russia]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 21(3): 115–139 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2018.21.3.6

Full Text (PDF)

Abstract. The analysis is focused on the particularities of the reform of social provision for children left without parental care in Russian regions. Theoretically, the paper considers the reform as a process of deinstitutionalization, implying the transformation of the scope and the content of the activity of public and non-state organizations. The key goal is to identify conditions of the inertia of the deinstitutionalization. The first part of the article is devoted to the literature observation to formulate assumptions about factors that impact or impede deinstitutionalization of child’s care. Three assumptions are formulated about the influence of the social-economic development, conservative or innovative ideology and the activity of the nonprofit organizations and associations of citizens. The second part of the article works with the statistical data on the scope and the positive dynamic of the reduction of state providers and particularities of the attraction of non-state providers. The empirical analysis shows the scope of retrenchment of the institutional care in various Russian regions and particularities of non-state activity (nonprofit organizations and private companies). The analysis enabled to identify three main types of nonprofit organizations involved as service providers: SOS villages, associations of foster families and civic organizations affiliated with the Russian Orthodox Church. In the third part of the article, the detailed empirical analysis of two Russian regions with the largest scope of institutionalized care for children (Ulianovskaia oblast’ and Amurskaia oblast’) has been conducted. On the basis of these two regional cases assumptions about the social-economic and political factors have been examined.

Keywords: reform of residential care for children left without family, socially oriented NGOs, social policy

 

References

Semya G.V., Zaytsev G.O., Zaytseva N.G. (2016) Formirovaniye rossiyskoy modeli preodoleniya sotsial'nogo sirotstva. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovaniye, 21(1): 67–82.

Yarskaya-Smirnova Y., Sorokina N.V., Romanov P. (2012) Agenty i struktury sotsial'noy raboty. Yarskaya-Smirnova Y.R., Sorokina N.V. (red.) Sotsial'nyye rabotniki kak provodniki peremen. Moscow: OOO “Variant”: 7–22.

Biryukova S., Sinyavskaya O. (2017) Children Out of parental care in Russia: What we Can learn from Statistics. The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 15(3): 367–382.

Bogdanova E. (2017) Russian SOS children’s Villages and Deinstitutionalization Reform: Balancing Between Institutional and Family Care. The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 15(3): 395–406.

Bogdanova E., Bindman E. (2016) NGOs, Policy Entrepreneurship and Child Protection in Russia: Pitfalls and Prospect for Civil Society. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, 24(2): 143–171.

Bouché V., Volden C. (2011) Privatization and the Diffusion of Innovations. The Journal of Politics, 73: 428–442.

Courtney M., Dolev T., Gilligan R. (2009) Looking backward to See Forward Clearly. A Cross-National Perspective on Residential Care. In: Courtney M., Iwaniec D. (eds.) Residential Care of Children. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 191–208.

Golosov G., Gushchina K., Kononenko P. (2016) Russia’s local government in the process of authoritarian regime transformation: incentives for the survival of local democracy. Local governance studies, 42(4): 507–526.

Holm-Hansen J. (2018) Child Welfare Policies in Russia—Civil Society Contributions Without Return? In: Kropp, S., Aasland A., Berg-Nordlie M., Holm-Hansen J., Schuhmann J. (eds.) Governance in Russian Regions A Policy Comparison. Oslo: Palgrave Macmillan: 131–154.

Kulmala M., Rasell M., Chernova Zh. (2017) Overhauling Russia’s Child Welfare System: Institutional and Ideational Factors Behind the Paradigm Shift. The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 15(3): 353–366.