Article Information

A.S. LAPPO-DANILEVSKY AND HIS CRITICISM OF A. COMPTE’S IDEAS IN SOCIOLOGY

Aleksandr Rybas (alexirspb@mail.ru)

Saint Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Sociological Institute of RAS, Saint-Petersburg, Russia 

Citation: Rybas A.E. (2019) A.S. Lappo-Danilevskiy i kritika kontizma v sotsiologii [A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and his Criticism of A. Comte’s Ideas in Sociology]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 22(5): 141–153 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2019.22.5.9

Abstract. Critical remarks by A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky against the sociology of A. Comte are considered. The significance of Comte’s ideas for the development of Russian philosophy of the 19th century is analyzed, the theses that the reception of positivism in Russia was never dogmatic and that it always made Russian thinkers express their own views are defended. It is shown that Lappo-Danilevsky, while proving that the theoretical constructions of Comte should not be considered relating to scientific knowledge, basically reproduced the criticism that was expressed back in the 1860s by the proponents of positive philosophy, who offered the term “Auguste-Comteism” to distinguish the “positive” content of positivism from Comte’s subjective opinion. It is concluded that Lappo-Danilevsky was able to point out the weaknesses of Comte’s social physics. However, his characteristics can be considered true only if Comte’s ideas are regarded from the point of view of science. Obviously, Comte’s system can be interpreted in another way – as the theology of science, with its central problem of science justification. Such a view on the creative work of Comte, and above all on the religion of Mankind created by him, was characteristic of Russian religious philosophers of the second half of the 19th century, first of all, of V. S. Solovyov, who insisted that Comte had played a significant role in the development of philosophy of religion and proposed to canonize him in spite of his being an atheist.

Keywords: Russian positivism, A. Comte, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, V.S. Solovyov, social physics, the foundations of sociology, the problem of science.

Acknowledgements

The research was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under the project No. 19-011-00398 "The second positivism in Russia: philosophical problems, influence, criticism".

References 

Chernyshevsky N.G. (1987) [Iz perepiski 1876–1878 gg.] [[From correspondence 1876–1878]]. In: Chernyshevsky N.G. Sochineniya [Works]. In 2 vols. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl': 369–474 (in Russian).

Grekhova G.N. (1976) Epistolyarnoye naslediye A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo [The epistolary heritage of A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. In: Vspomogatel'nyye istoricheskiye distsipliny. VIII [Auxiliary historical disciplines. VIII]. Leningrad: Nauka: 262–273 (in Russian).

Lappo-Danilevsky A.S. (2009) Osnovnyye printsipy sotsiologicheskoy doktriny O. Konta [Basic principles of the sociological doctrine of O. Comte]. In: Manifesty russkogo idealizma: Problemy idealizma. Vekhi. Iz glubiny [Manifests of Russian idealism: Problems of idealism. Milestones. From the depth]. Moscow: Astrel’: 346–424 (in Russian).

Lavrov P.L. (1965) Zadachi pozitivizma i ikh resheniye [The tasks of positivism and their solution]. In: Lavrov P.L. Filosofiya i sotsiologiya: Izbrannyye proizvedeniya [Philosophy and sociology: Selected works]. In 2 vols. Vol. 1. Moscow: Mysl’: 576–634 (in Russian).

Malinov A.V. (2014) Ot metodologii istorii k teorii obshchestvovedeniya (iz lektsiy akademika A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo) [From the methodology of history to the theory of social science (from the lectures of Academician A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky)]. In: Epistemology & Philosophy of Science, XLI (3): 157–171 (in Russian).

Malinov A.V. (2016a) Kriticheskoye postroyeniye v sotsiologii (iz lektsiy akademika A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo) [Critical construction in sociology (from the lectures of Academician A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky)]. In: Nauchno-tekhnicheskiye vedomosti SPbGPU. Gumanitarnyye i obshchestvennyye nauki [Scientific and technical bulletin of SPbSPU. Humanities and social sciences], 2 (244): 116–121 (in Russian).

Malinov A.V. (2016b) “Ocherednyye zadachi sobstvenno sotsiologicheskogo postroyeniya” (iz lektsiy akademika A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo) [“The actual tasks of the genuine sociological studies” (from the lectures of Academician A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky)]. In: Vestnik SPbGU. Sotsiologiya [Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University. Sociology], 1: 5–13 (in Russian).

Malinov A.V. (2016c) Sotsiologicheskiye kursy A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo (po materialam arkhiva) [Sociological courses of A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky (based on the archive materials)]. In: Vestnik SPbGU. Istoriya [Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University. History], 3: 135–144 (in Russian).

Malinov A.V. (2017) Sotsiologicheskoye naslediye A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo: issledovaniya i materialy [Sociological heritage of A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky: research and materials]. St. Petersburg: RChHA (in Russian).

Malinov A.V., Peshperova I.Yu. (2014a) Vopros o vozniknovenii sotsiologii v kurse A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo “Nauchnyye osnovy sotsiologii v ikh istoricheskom razvitii” (po materialam arkhiva) [The way sociology was considered in A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s course “Scientific foundations of sociology in their historical development” (based on the archive materials)]. In: Vestnik SPbGU, ser. 17 [Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University, ser. 17], 3: 24–32 (in Russian).

Malinov A.V., Peshperova I.Yu. (2014b) Pozitivizm O. Konta v otsenke A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo (po materialam arkhiva) [The positivism of O. Comte interpreted by A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky (based on the archive materials)]. In: Sotsiologiya nauki i tekhnologiy [Sociology of science and technology], 5(2): 105–124 (in Russian).

Malinov A.V., Pogodin S.N. (2001) Aleksandr Lappo-Danilevskiy: istorik i filosof [Aleksandr Lappo-Danilevsky: historian and philosopher]. St. Petersburg: Iskusstvo (in Russian).

Mikhailovsky N.K. (2012) Chto takoye progress? [What is progress?] Moscow: Librocom (in Russian).

Pisarev D.I. (1989) Istoricheskiye idei Konta [Historical ideas of Comte]. In: Pisarev D.I. Istoricheskiye eskizy. Izbrannyye stat'i [Historical sketches. Selected articles]. Moscow: Pravda: 340–504 (in Russian).

Solovyov V.S. (1988) Ideya chelovechestva u Avgusta Konta [The idea of humanity by August Comte]. In: Solovyov V.S. Sochineniya [Works]. In 2 vols. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl': 562–581 (in Russian).