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DEVELOPMENT OF A.S. LAPPO-DANILEVSKY’s METHODOLOGICAL CONCEPTION IN XX — early XXI CENTURY: FROM HUMANITIES TO SOCIAL SCIENCES

Marina Rumyantseva (m_roumiantseva@hse.ru)

National Research University “Higher School of Economics”;

Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

Citation: Rumyantseva M.F. (2019) Razvitiye metodologicheskoy kontseptsii A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo v XX — nachale XXI vv. [Development of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s methodological conception in XX — early XXI century: from humanities to social sciences]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 22(5): 154–179 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2019.22.5.10

Abstract: The article continues the theme of reception and development of the epistemological concept of source studies of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in Scientific and pedagogical school of source studies, initiated by the report at the conference “Academician A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in the History of Science and Culture, to the 150th Anniversary of his Birth” (St. Petersburg State University, October 4–5, 2013). The author proposes and substantiates the research hypothesis: the development of the concept of source studies, developed by A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in the context of the methodology of history, followed the path of constitution and transformation of the disciplinary status of source studies (component of the methodology of history — discipline/subdiscipline of historical science — scientific direction — subject field of historical knowledge), which, in its turn, led to the increase/complication of interdisciplinary connections of source studies and its movement from the Humanities to Social Sciences. It is revealed the significance of the historical source as an integrating foundation of humanitarian and social knowledge. As the basic schemes of interpretation used the change of types of rationality/models of science and the change of the dictionaries of historical sciences (F.R. Ankersmit), and as the basis for the change in disciplinary status — a change in the understanding of the object of source studies. The author substantiates the belonging of the considered concept of source studies to the neoclassical model of historical science, which developed against the background of non-classical and post-non-classical models as a response to their challenges. The beginning of divergence of the non-classical and neo-classical models of historical science is seen in the opposition of Baden neo-Kantianism and its Russian version (A.I. Vvedensky, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky) on the issue of the object of historical knowledge: Baden's refusal of its analysis and special attention to object/historical source at the Russian neo-Kantianism. The last was a factor in the constituting of source studies as an independent scientific discipline in the 1950 in connection with the development of its own object — system of types of historical sources. It is shown the ways of transformation of source studies in the scientific direction and the subject field of historical science as understanding of the types of historical sources as the projection of culture and the conceptualization of the macroobject — empirical reality of the historical world (O.M. Medushevskaya).

Keywords: source study, discipline of history, scientific direction, historical source, interpretation, empirical reality of the historical world, social sciences, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky.

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