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THE CURRENT SITUATION OF TRADITIONAL FARMS OF THE INDIGENOUS NORTHERN PEOPLES IN THE REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA)

Aiza Neustroevaab (aizok@mail.ru), Irina Samsonovaa, Matryona Malyshevaa, Lyubov Semenovaab

а Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Yakutsk, Russia

b North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia

Citation: Neustroeva A., Samsonova I., Malysheva M., Semenova L. (2020) Sovremennoye polozheniye traditsionnykh khozyaystv korennykh malochislennykh severnykh narodov v Respublike Sakha (Yakutiya) [The current situation of traditional farms of the indigenous northern peoples in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 23(3): 220–245. https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2020.23.3.9 (in Russian)

Abstract. In the system of the regional economy, the degree of preservation of the traditional economy and the possibility of its development are key factors in the stability of the existence of the indigenous peoples of the North, the material basis for the preservation of the original habitat and national culture. The article is devoted to the study of the current situation, problems and prospects for the development of traditional farms of the indigenous small peoples of the North in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The study uses a geoinformation approach, which made it possible to visualize the collected statistical data and research results in the form of thematic maps of the region. The authors analyze in detail the organizational and legal structure of modern traditional farms of the indigenous peoples of the North, identify the features, advantages and problems of the development of tribal communities, commercial agricultural organizations and enterprises of small peoples of the North. It is shown that the traditional economy of the indigenous northern peoples is a set of economic sectors that have historically developed in a certain territory in the process of interaction of an ethnos and ethnic group with the natural environment. The main types of traditional economic activities of farms of indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) are analyzed.

Keywords: traditional farms, indigenous peoples of the North, tribal communities, traditional nature management, reindeer husbandry, traditional economic activities.

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