This article proposes an interdisciplinary approach in order to analyse contemporary Russian modernisation. Although interdisciplinarity is not in fact a new idea, there has been a growing emphasis on this approach both in the philosophy of science and in science policy documents. Following William H. Newell’s argument this article suggests that study of Russian modernisation is multifaceted and coherent and thus it should be interdisciplinary. On this basis a new paradigm for studying Russian societal development can be developed. The starting points for integration of approaches concerning Russian modernisation are suggested. It is argued that the new synthesis should neither be based on too strong philosophy of history, nor on too strong social ontology. However, the teleological and totalising reasoning should not be replaced by mere observational detail either. Rather we should need several layers of interdisciplinary conceptual and methodological synthesis.

Keywords: modernisation, interdisciplinarity, complexity, Russia