Article Information

STATUS INEQUALITIES IN HEALTH: THE EFFECT OF PARENTAL SOCIAL POSITION

Daria Khodorenko (khodasha@gmail.com)

The Sociological Institute of the RAS — Branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SI RAS — FCTAS RAS), St. Petersburg, Russia

Citation: Khodorenko D. (2019) Statusnyye neravenstva v zdorov'ye: znacheniye sotsial'nogo polozheniya roditel'skoy sem'i [Status Inequalities in Health: The Effect of Parental Social Position]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 22(3): 57–79 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2019.22.3.3 

Abstract. In accordance with the decrease in a social status, health declines dramatically — firm social inequalities are formed in a society. The article is devoted to a crucial issue in modern studies of inequalities in health. In the article we check the hypothesis according to which a human-being's health state depends on their parents' status. Moreover, their own achieved position in a society can impact a health state as well. Different combitnations of individual and parents' statuses, demonstrating upward or downward mobility or stability, can influence our health in different ways. It also contributes to strengthening or overcoming the inequalities. The analysis of status interactions in their influence on the health of the participants of European Social Study (ESS 2012, 29 countries, representative national survey) was conducted by statistic methods of two-level linear modeling. The results demonstrate that parents' high level of education as well as respondent's one leads to a higher estimation of their own health. The increase in educational status leads to a better health condition of people coming from various social stratums. However, this dependence can be observed better in those cases where people are brought up in secured families. In some degree parents' high social status can resist negative effects of downward mobility on health.

Key words: health, social inequalities, achieved level of education, father’s education, European social survey.

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