Article Information


Maria Glukhova (

European University at Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Citation: Glukhova M. (2022) Konstruirovaniye depressii v zarubezhnom sotsiologicheskom diskurse: ot «psikhiatricheskogo obyekta» k golosu subyekta. [Сonstruction of depression in foreign sociological discourse: from the "psychiatric object" to the voice of the subject]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 25(2): 127–157 (in Russian).

Abstract. Depression has been one of the most common diagnoses in the Western world for the past 50 years. The global nature of this disease contributed to its penetration into the field of study of foreign sociology. However, in Russia, until recently, depression was not considered as a social, and, accordingly, a sociological problem. The study of this phenomenon and its causes, including those lying in the field of the social, in domestic science remains the prerogative of psychiatry and psychology. The article raises the question of how the discourse on depression has been formed in English-speaking sociology over the past 50 years, and how Russian sociology can fit into the international discussion about this phenomenon. Using the methodology of a systematic literature review, 142 empirical articles on depression for the years 1975–2021 were selected. The sources were analyzed by the method of discourse analysis from the standpoint of the sociology of knowledge (SKAD). A conclusion is made about the movement of the English-language sociological discourse from studying a person and his depression as a “psychiatric object” to giving voice to the subject. By studying the interpretive schemes, classifications and structure of the phenomenon of depression in academic discourse, a periodization of its development was proposed. At the same time, in Russia, sociological discourse on depression has not yet formed, since the discussion of this subject is conducted mainly from the position of psychiatry. This work is intended to stimulate a discussion about depression and other mental illnesses in Russian sociology.

Keywords: depression, sociology, history of science, discourse analysis, sociology of science, sociology of knowledge, Russia/


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