Article Information

"THE POWER OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES": PRACTICES, MECHANISMS AND MODELS OF RESIDENT’S PARTICIPATION IN SOCIOCULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIES (ON THE MATERIALS OF SMALL TOWNS AND VILLAGES IN THE VOLOGDA REGION)

Artyom Chernega (chernega_1990@mail.ru)

Administration of Totma district, Vologda Region, Totma, Russia

Citation: Chernega A. (2020) «Sila mestnykh soobshchestv»: praktiki, mekhanizmy i modeli uchastiya zhiteley v sotsiokul'turnom razvitii territorii (na primere malykh naselennykh punktov Vologodskoy oblasti) ["The power of local communities": practices, mechanisms and models of resident’s participation in sociocultural development of territories (on the materials of small towns and villages in the Vologda Region)]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 23(3): 51–77. https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2020.23.3.3 (in Russian)

Abstract. The problematic of this article is rooted in the issue of the role of active local communities in the development of territories. The materials are presented on the basis of empirical research by small territories at the Vologda region. The formulation of the question presupposes an analysis of the classic contradiction between social structure and people's actions in accordance with the theoretical and methodological logic of the integrative approach (P. Bourdieu, E. Giddens). On the one hand, the structure dictates certain rules of interaction and activity in the interior space. On the other hand, residents as communities participate in stimulating resource distribution processes. The results are attracting resources to small areas and the emergence of new ones within communities. The article includes theoretical, methodological and empirical parts. The first part consist of analysis of model of territorial structure as a kind of social structure and analysis of approaches to definition of local communities. Empirical material was founded on the basis of included observation and case studies of small towns and villages in eight municipal districts in the Vologda region (2017–2020). Research methods include interviews, observation, document analysis, questionnaire survey, focus groups, etc. The scientific novelty of the research consists of ethnographic description and systematization of the varieties of the most typical practices constructing of active local communities in small territories (practices are based on proactive leadership, localization of a social problem, solidarity of values and interests, production of project solutions); mechanisms of involving communities in development of territories (public discussions, proactive budgeting, crowdfunding, project activities, activities of the non-profit sector, information networks, constructing of tourist showplaces, mechanisms of community and investment); models of community participation in the development of small territories. The main conclusion is substantiation of system management model of initiatives as a predictive model.

Keywords: local communities, development of territories, province, project management, resources.

Acknowledgements

The article was prepared with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation within the framework of project no. 19-18-00562 “Socio-ecological determinants of lifestyle transformation and social development of modern rural communities in conditions of depopulation (on the example of the regions of the Near North of Russia)”.

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