Article Information

COMMEMORATIONS DEDICATED TO A.S. LAPPO-DANILEVSKY

Dmitriy Bodnarchuk (d.bodnartchuk@spbu.ru)

Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Citation: Bodnarchuk D. (2019) Kommemoratsii, posvyashchonnyye A.S. Lappo-Danilevskomu [Commemorations dedicated to A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 22(5): 194–212 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31119/jssa.2019.22.5.12

Abstract. This article is devoted to the study of commemorations in honor of Alexander Sergeyevich Lappo-Danilevsky. The main question of the article is how the commemorations influenced the folding of the existing historiographical image of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky. To answer this question, the author refers to all the commemorations dedicated to the scientist since 1915, when the 25th anniversary of the scientific activity of Alexander Sergeyevich was celebrated, until the conference 2013 dedicated to the 150th anniversary of his birth. The analysis of the commemorations showed that the perception of Lappo-Danilevsky's creative heritage largely depended on the historiographical policy pursued in Russia at different times. Thus, being ranked among the classics of historical science immediately after his death, the name of Lappo-Danilevsky was criticized in the Soviet years, when he was characterized as a “bourgeois historian” and “idealist”. Although even this form of mention is the result of historiographical policy that meets the requirements of the social and academic order of the era, but maintains the memory of it as a classic of bourgeois methodology of history. After 1991 and fundamental changes in the life of the Russian state and society in historiography there is a new reading of the works of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, among which the most relevant is the "Methodology of history". The crisis in the theory of historical knowledge in the late XX — early XXI century., leads to the fact that the "Methodology of history" occupies a special place among the works of Alexander Sergeyevich, making it primarily a methodology of historical science and belittling his merits as an archaeologist or sociologist. "The methodology of history" is perceived as the main work of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and moreover, it is tried to be applied even in architecture, law, music education, which is a reflection of the image of the scientist/memory of him in modern humanitarianism. It can be argued that the commemorations that took place in the late XX — early XXI century., created the existing image in historiography A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky mainly as a methodologist (in isolation from other elements of his scientific heritage). This situation was not only a reflection of the methodological search crisis for historiography of the turn of the XX–XXI centuries, but also the very nature of scientific commemorations as social practices.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, commemoration, historiographical politics, “Methodology of history”, historiographical image. 

Acknowledgements

The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under project No. 19-011-00782 / 19.

References

Baturin Y.M. (2013) Metodologiya postroeniya istoricheskoj prichinno-sledstvennoj svyazi A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo i eyo znachenie dlya drugih nauk [A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky's methodology for constructing a historical causal relationship and its significance for other sciences]. Klio [Clio], 12: 5–7.

Bogomazova O.V. (2013) V.O. Klyuchevskij: istoriko-nauchnye i social'nye praktiki uvekovechivaniya pamyati ob istorike v XX — nachale XXI veka [V.O. Klyuchevsky: historical, scientific and social practices of perpetuating the memory of the historian in the XX — early XXI century]. Avtoref. diss. na soiskanie uch. step. k.i.n. Kazan'.

Bukhert V.G. (2013) «Bez prosveshcheniya svoboda ne imeet bol'shoj ceny i kreposti». Stat'ya A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo o neobhodimosti sozdaniya instituta social'nyh nauk. Iyul' 1918 g. [“Without education, freedom does not have a great value and strength”. An article by A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky on the need to create an institute of social sciences. July 1918] Istoricheskij arhiv [Historical Archives], 2: 4–13.

Bulakh E.V., Romanova I.V., Sharaldaeva A.B. (2017) Formirovanie aktivnosti predprinimatel'stva: genezis i perspektivy [Formation of entrepreneurship activity: genesis and prospects]. Vestnik Zabajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Trans-Baikal State University], 23(6): 114–127.

Chernobaev A.A. (2013) Novye dokumental'nye istochniki o V.I. Vernadskom i A.S. Lappo-Danilevskom []. Istoricheskij arkhiv [Historical Archives], 2: 3.

Ilizarov S.S. (2013) Istorik nauki T.I. Raynov — uchenik A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo [Historian of science T.I. Raynov as a student of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. Klio [Clio], 12: 50–54.

Istoricheskaya nauka i metodologiya istorii v Rossii XIX veka. K 140-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya akademika A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo (2003). St. Petersburg: Severnaya zvezda.

Kazakov R.B., Rumyanceva M.F. (2013) Idei A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo v intellektual'nyh kontekstah XX—XXI vekov: «kruglyj stol» k 150-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo (RGGU, 6 apr. 2013 g.) [The ideas of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in the intellectual contexts of the XX-XXI centuries: "round table" to the 150th anniversary of the birth of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie [New Literary Review], 124(6): 432–439.

Komochev N.A. (2013) Metodika diplomaticheskogo analiza v trudah shkoly A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo [Methods of diplomatic analysis in the works of the school of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky.]. Klio [Clio], 12: 16–19.

Kozlovskiy V.V. (2013) Ot metodologii istorii k istoricheskoj metasociologii: uroki A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo [From the methodology of history to historical metasociology: the lessons of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 16(3): 5–7.

Leontyeva O.B. (2011) Istoricheskaya pamyat' i obrazy proshlogo v russkoj kul'ture XIX — nachala XX vv. [Historical memory and images of the past in Russian culture of the XIX — early XX centuries]. Samara: Kniga.

Malinov A.V. (2003) Istoricheskaya nauka i metodologiya istorii v Rossii XIX veka. K 140-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya akademika A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo [Historical science and methodology of history in Russia of the twentieth century. On the occasion of the 140th anniversary of the birth of Academician A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 6(3): 193–197.

Malinov A.V. (2013) «Rassadnik naushchnykh znanij» (deyatel'nost' A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo po organizacii Instituta social'nyh nauk) ["A hotbed of vital knowledge" (activity of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky to organize the Institute of Social Sciences).]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 16(3): 17–28.

Malinov A.V. (2013) A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky — pervyj predsedatel' russkogo sociologicheskogo obshchestva im. M.M. Kovalevskogo [A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky –– the first chairman of the Russian sociological society named after V.I. MM. Kovalevsky]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 16(3): 8–16.

Malinov A.V. (2013) Osnovnye principy filosofii istorii A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo [Basic principles of neo-Kantian philosophy of history A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. Voprosy filosofii [Questions of Philosophy], 12: 89–95.

Malinov A.V. (2014) Akademik A.S. Lappo-Danilevskij: itogi yubileya [Academician A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky: results of the anniversary]. Voprosy istorii estestvoznaniya i tekhniki [Questions of the history of natural science and technology], 2: 181–187.

Matrosova N.K. (2018) Paradigma celostnosti v prelomlenii neklassicheskoj logiki [The paradigm of integrity in the refraction of non-classical logic]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Tomsk State University], 437: 73–76.

Medushevskaya O.M. (1996) Metodologiya istorii A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo i sovremennoe gumanitarnoe poznanie [Methodology of history of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and modern humanitarian knowledge]. Arheograficheskij ezhegodnik za 1994 g. [Archaeographic Yearbook for 1994]. Moscow: Nauka: 238–255.

Polyakov I.A. (2013) S.B. Veselovskiy i ego nasledie v istoriografii i pamyati obshchestva [S.B. Veselovsky and his legacy in the historiography and memory of society]. Klio [Clio], 12: 153–157.

Prostovolosova L.N. (1996) O nesostoyavshemsya zasedanii pamyati A. S. Lappo-Danilevskogo v istoriko-arhivnom institute (1944 g.). Arheograficheskij ezhegodnik za 1994 g. [Archaeographic Yearbook for 1994]. Moscow: Nauka: 276–280.

Repina L.P. (2004) Istoricheskaya pamyat' i sovremennaya istoriografiya [Historical memory and modern historiography]. Novaya i noveyshaya istoriya [Modern and Contemporary History], 5: 39–52.

Repina L.P. (ed.) (2006) Istoriya i pamyat': istoricheskaya kul'tura Evropy do nachala Novogo vremeni [History and memory: the historical culture of Europe before the beginning of modern times]. Moscow: Krug.

Repina L.P. (ed.) (2008) Dialogi so vremenem: pamyat' o proshlom v kontekste istorii [Dialogues with Time: Memory of the Past in the Context of History]. Moscow: Krug.

Repina L.P. (ed.) (2017) Sobytie v istorii, pamyati i narrativah identichnosti [An Event in History, Memory and Identity Narratives]. Moscow: Akvilon.

Rostovtsev E.A. (2004) A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky i Peterburgskaya istoricheskaya shkola [A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and St. Petersburg Historical School]. Ryazan': NRII.

Rostovtsev E.A. (2013) A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky v peterburgskoj universitetskoj korporacii [A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky at the St. Petersburg University Corporation]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology], 16(3): 29–43.

Rostovtsev E.A. (2014) Zhurnal Klio. 2013. № 12. 166 s. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii «Akademik A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky v istorii nauki i kul'tury (k 150-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya)» [Clio. 2013. No. 12. 166 p. Materials of the international scientific conference "Academician AS Lappo-Danilevsky in the history of science and culture (to the 150th anniversary of his birth)"]. Vestnik SPbGU [Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University]. Ser. 2, 4: 251–255.

Rostovtsev E.A. (2017) Stolichnyj universitet Rossijskoj imperii: uchenoe soslovie, obshchestvo i vlast' (vtoraya polovina XIX — nachalo XX v.) [Metropolitan University of the Russian Empire: Academic Estate, Society and Power (second half of the 19th — early 20th century)]. Moscow: Rossijskaya politicheskaya enciklopediya.

Rostovtsev E.A., Potekhina I.P. (2013) A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky v sovremennom nauchno-informacionnom prostranstve [A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in the modern scientific and information space]. Klio [Clio], 12: 23–28.

Rostovtsev E.A. (2014) Universitetskie kommemoracii v dorevolyucionnoj Rossii [University commemorations in pre-revolutionary Russia]. In: Chelovek v menyayushchemsya mire. Problemy identichnosti i social'noj adaptacii v istorii i sovremennosti: metodologiya, metodika i praktiki issledovaniya [A person in a changing world. Problems of identity and social adaptation in history and modernity: methodology and research practice]. Programma i tezisy. Tomsk: Izdatel'stvo Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta: 268–269.

Rostovtsev M.I. (2002) Politicheskie statyi [Political Articles]. St. Petersburg: Rossijskaya politicheskaya enciklopediya.

Savelyeva I.M. (2012) Klassiki v istoricheskoj nauke [Classics in Historical Science]. In: Repina L.P. (ed.) Istoricheskaya nauka segodnya: Teorii, metody, perspektivy [Historical science today: Theories, methods, perspectives]. Izd. 2-e. Moscow: LKI, 2012: 491–515.

Shmidt S.O. (1996) A.S. Lappo-Danilevskij na rubezhe epoh [A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky at the turn of the eras]. Arheograficheskij ezhegodnik za 1994 g. [Archaeographic Yearbook 1994]. Moscow: Nauka: 229–237.

Shugalskiy S.S. (2012) Social'nye praktiki: interpretaciya ponyatiya [Social Practices: Interpreting a Concept]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie [Knowledge. Understanding. Skills], 2: 276–280.

Skvortsov N.G. (2013) Akademik Aleksandr Sergeevich Lappo-Danilevskij: k 150 letnemu yubileyu [Academician Alexander Sergeevich Lappo-Danilevsky: to the 150th anniversary]. Klio [Clio], 12: 3–4.

Tikhonov V.V. (2013) Prirozhdennyj akademik. K 150-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo [Natural born Academician. To the 150th anniversary of the birth of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky]. Vestnik Rossiyskoy akademii nauk [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 1: 66–72.

Vishlenkova E.A. (2011) Memorial'naya kul'tura rossijskogo universiteta XIX veka [Memorial culture of the Russian university of the XIX century]. Mir istorika: istoriograf. sb. [The world of the historian]. Vyp. 7. Omsk: Izdatel'stvo Omskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta: 81–94.

Vishlenkova E. (2013) Kommemorativnaya kul'tura rossijskogo universiteta XIX veka. Puti Rossii. Istorizaciya social'nogo opyta [Commemorative culture of the Russian university of the XIX century. The paths of Russia. Historicization of social experience]. Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie [New literary review], 18: 584–599.

Vishlenkova E.A., Savelyeva I.M. (eds.) (2013) Soslovie russkih professorov. Sozdateli statusov i smyslov [The estate of Russian professors. Creators of statuses and meanings]. Moscow: Izdatel'skij dom Vysshej shkoly ekonomiki: 283–384.

Vishlenkova E., Malysheva S., Salnikova A. (2004) Istoriya universiteta kak istoriya pamyati korporacii? [The history of the university as the history of the memory of the corporation?] Ab Imperio, 3: 271–310.